Electric Vehicle Charging
Electric Vehicle (EV) Ownership is Growing!
With so many looking toward EV and with the technology of EV charging improving since its introduction, now is a good time to consider charger installation. Whether you install a charging system to support your staff or to generate revenue, we can help you make good choices. And if you're a contractor looking for a new way to support your customers, we can help you learn more about this growing category.
A Growing Market
According to the US Department of Energy, there are just under 1,100 charging stations* in Pennsylvania with only 74 of them for private commercial use. Compare that with roughly 5000 gas stations, and it’s clear that EV is on the rise.
In a 2021 Pew Research Center survey, 7% of U.S. adults said they currently have an electric or hybrid vehicle, and 39% said they were very or somewhat likely to seriously consider buying an electric vehicle the next time they’re in the market for a new vehicle. And who is buying? According to TrueCar data, Gen X is buying the most EVs, at 39.8%, followed closely by affluent Millennials at 34.9%. But Boomers in the mix too as the largest buyer of all green vehicles, which includes Electric, Hybrid, Plug-in Hybrid, and Fuel Cell vehicles.
With so many looking toward EV and with the technology of EV charging improving since its early introduction, now is a good time to consider charger installation.
* doesn’t include in-home charging stations
More Options from Manufacturers
Automakers continue to announce plans to begin or expand their EV offering and businesses are investing in EV Fleets.
- Ford eMustang
- Tesla Y and Rivian
- VW ID
- Porsche Taycan
- GM Lyriq
- Ford eF150
Delivery / Work vehicles:
City eBuses/ School buses
Electric Semi Truck
How does Pennsylvania stack up?
There’s more than one reason to invest in EV charging.
Concern for the Environment
- EVs have significant environmental and health benefits over conventional gasoline or diesel-powered cars, including reduced greenhouse gases and other harmful pollutants. EVs produce zero tailpipe emissions. Fewer tailpipe emissions reduce the visible smog in heavily-populated urban areas while minimizing other pollutants, improving overall air quality and public health. Electric vehicles typically have a smaller carbon footprint than gasoline cars, even when accounting for the electricity used for charging.
- With the rise of electric vehicle ownership and the high number of owners in the younger generations, offering EV charging at your office or facility is a great bonus to help attract and retain up-and-coming team members.
Creative Marketing and Increased Sales
- Research has shown that the installation of an EV charging station increases customer "dwell-time" significantly. This means more time for customers to spend money or interact with you. That time could be up to 50 additional minutes! Some have said they increased business simply because their location could be found on EV station locator apps. And don’t discount how showing that you’re both tech-savvy and green can impact your brand.
- With more electric vehicles on the road, EV charging services across the US are growing, and making money on an EV charging service is possible. There are many different structures that a business can use to monetize its EV charging stations.
More Benefits and Considerations
- Click Here to visit the U.S. Department of Energy to explore the benefits and considerations of using electricity to power vehicles.
Electric Vehicle Basics
Electric vehicles (EVs) use electricity as their primary fuel or to improve the efficiency of conventional vehicle designs. EVs include all-electric vehicles, also referred to as battery electric vehicles (BEVs), and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). These vehicles are called electric cars, or simply EVs, even though some of these vehicles still use liquid fuels in conjunction with electricity. EVs are known for providing instant torque and a quiet driving experience. For more information about electric vehicles, click here to read Electric Vehicle Basics by the Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy.
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV)
- runs on electricity alone
- powered by at least one electric motor and a battery
- charged by plugging into an electric power source and through regenerative braking
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles
- runs on conventional fuel and/or electricity
- can travel moderate distances on electricity alone
- charged by plugging into an electric power source, through regenerative braking, and by the engine don’t have to be plugged in before driving but limits fuel/charge economy
Dollars & Sense
It's all about the stats. Take a look at the cost per month for gasoline versus electric.
Level 1 charging:
All electric vehicles can plug in to a regular wall outlet, which typically provides 3 to 5 miles of driving range per hour of charging. This can be a sufficient charging speed for plug-in hybrid vehicles, though most battery electric vehicle owners use faster charging equipment. Most EV will come with a level 1 charger.
Level 2 charging:
Most electric vehicle charging occurs at home, at work, at businesses, and at public parking locations using level 2 charging equipment. Electric vehicles typically receive 10 to 25 miles of driving range per hour from this equipment. Level 2 charging is the most cost-effective to install and is usually most appropriate for the largest number of users. These chargers can be set up for specific private users or as a public charger with fees for service.
Direct Current (DC) fast charging:
The fastest form of charging, DC fast charging equipment is typically installed near highway interchanges, in areas with high rates of electric vehicle ownership, and at businesses with heavy-duty electric vehicles. A light-duty battery electric vehicle will get 100 to 250 miles of driving range in 30 minutes from DC fast charging.
Key Questions to Consider to Choose your Charger
Before choosing your equipment, consider how the charging station will be used:
- Why are you considering installing an EV Charging Station?
- Who will be using your station?
- Where will it be installed?
- What communications options / services do you need?
- How will you fund your charger installation?
Choose your Accessories
Once you've chosen which charger is best for your application, it's time to think about the accessories and software.
- Do you need post mounting?
- All chargers are standard wall mount.
- Do you need a cable retractor?
- Snow and harsh weather aren’t kind to cables!
- What Communication Card do you need?
- WiFi, Ethernet, Modbus RTU/TCP, Cellular
- What User Access do you want?
- QR Code or RFID
Software & Support
Finally, you need to decide how your system will work.
- What kind of reporting do you need?
- Do you need to manage the system remotely?
- Is billing and app access needed?
Grants, Incentives, and Rebates
Whether you are a consumer buying an electric vehicle, or a business installing an EV Charger, grants and rebates are available on both federal and state levels. Below is information on State and Federal programs.
EVSE stands for “Electric Vehicle Service Equipment,” and the term includes electric vehicle charging stations. An EVSE rebate is frequently the same as a rebate for an electric vehicle charging station unless the rebate or tax credit program specifies rebates only for certain other items encompassed by EVSE (installation, for example).
Federal tax credits:
- 4 things you need to know about the EV Charging Tax Credit (article)
Federal EV Tax Credits: To apply for a federal tax credit of up to 30% for installing electric-vehicle charging stations, you'll need to submit IRS Form 8911 when you file your business taxes
PA State programs:
- Driving PA Forward Commercial EVSE Incentive
- DC Fast Charging Grant Program - Approximately $8.5 million is being allocated over a 5-year period to fund a competitive grant program for acquisition, installation, operation, and maintenance of electric vehicle (EV) fast-charging equipment and hydrogen fuel cell vehicle supply equipment. -- DC Fast Charge Tab at Driving PA Forward
- Level 2 EV Charging Rebate Program - Approximately $9.2 million is being allocated over a 5-year period to fund a rebate program for the installation of Level 2 electric vehicle (EV) charging equipment. - Level 2 Tab at Driving PA Forward
- US Dept. of Energy: Electricity Laws and Incentives in Pennsylvania
- Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE)
ARTICLE 625 Electric Vehicle Charging and Supply Equipment Systems
Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment. UL 2202-2009
- US Dept of Energy (DOE) - Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) - Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) – EERE » AFDC » Fuels & Vehicles » Electricity
- Electric Vehicle Power Transfer System [625.1]
- Template - Permit for Charging Equipment Installation - Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)
- Sample - CODE REQUIREMENTS FOR INSTALLING EVSE
Leviton is proud to offer a complete line of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) and support services. Whether you are the owner of an electric vehicle, a commercial business owner, public utility company, or governmental body, there’s an Evr-Green solution for you.
Have more questions about electric vehicles, chargers, and more? Check out our EV FAQ to learn more about:
The types of vehicles, fuel saving costs, and resources to research which is right for you.
Electrical Vehicle Chargers
The different levels of chargers, charge time, and where to find public charging stations.
Siemens AC Level 2
Read about the chargers, how to configure them, and more.
More Information about Electric Vehicle Chargers
Brochures & Info Sheets
US Dept of Energy Links